E pluribus unum is a Latin phrase meaning “out of many, one.” This motto appears on most U.S. coins and also embossed along the coin’s edge for added visual impact.
In 1786, this motto was first added to U.S. coins as the national emblem and motto respectively. Usually written in capital letters on the obverse of most U.S. coins, it serves as a constant reminder that this nation stands for equality and liberty.
1. Dubrovnik Saint Blaise Denar
Dubrovnik, a world-renowned medieval city, has always been celebrated for its strong identity and culture. That is why Saint Blaise – its patron saint – has been celebrated and commemorated for more than one millennium.
Saint Blaise has become an iconic part of local tradition and the centerpiece of the annual Festivity of Saint Blaise, which honors and commemorates the city’s history while uniting people from all backgrounds in one of Europe’s most beloved celebrations.
At the core of this festival is a unique ritual that dates back at least to 1190. On Saint Blaise’s day, all the flags from surrounding churches are gathered in one square for an ancient ceremony known as “waving the flags”.
It may be a simple ritual, but it serves to keep the community united and solidify their identification with Saint Blaise – who saved the city from surprise attack in 972. It also serves to honor Saint Blaise’s memory as they recall how he saved them from destruction during an unexpected attack in 972.
St. Blaise Church in Old Town Dubrovnik is a stunning Baroque structure open to visitors. Inside you’ll find Titian’s Treasury and Assumption of Lady painting/triptych displayed as part of its magnificent interior.
Outside, the cathedral’s wide staircase and terrace offer spectacular views of the city and are an idyllic spot to take a break in the sun. Furthermore, this church houses a museum dedicated to the city’s fascinating history that’s worth exploring.
In addition to the museum, there’s also a palace that was once the official residence of King of Croatia and is now known as Kulturno-povijesni / Cultural-Historical Museum. Here you’ll find beautifully restored rooms, portraits, coats of arms and coins.
During the festival, visitors to Rome can explore its historic sites without paying an admission fee. There are also several tours that will guide you through the city and show you its highlights.
Dubrovnik boasts an impressive variety of numismatic collections, as it was once a major trading centre. This can be seen in the variety of coins minted over time; from countermarks – an economical and convenient way to reuse old money – to coins of exceptional quality produced during Vladislav I’s reign as King of Serbia.
2. Dupuis Bronze Liberty Coin
The Dupuis bronze liberty coin is one of the most remarkable coins in money history. Its design pays homage to Marianne, France’s national symbol which can be seen everywhere and holds a special place in many hearts of French citizens. Additionally, this coin has circulated longer than any other French coin ever produced – an impressive feat!
Augustin Dupre, 14th Graveur general des monnaies (Engraver General of Currency), engraved this small but powerful coin. It depicts Liberty wearing her Phrygian cap as a reminder that freedom must always remain uncompromised. On its reverse are a wheat field, olive branch and French motto: FREEDOM, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY
It is worth noting that the design has undergone several iterations over its two hundred year existence. The most recent version, struck in 2000, features a silver base and is the largest of its type worldwide.
As you can see by the photo, this item is in excellent condition with some burnished highlights. It measures 2 7/16″ high x 1 7/8″ wide and weighs only 2.27 lbs, making it an incredibly collectible addition to any numismatic collection.
Thanks to modern technology, you can now order this exquisite piece directly from this site. Guaranteed in perfect condition with no damage, tarnishing or dents, it will arrive at your door within two or three days. Plus, with a named and dated invoice from an established seller – which should be kept for your records – you can rest easy knowing your purchase is secure.
3. William III of the Netherlands
William III of the Netherlands was an influential figure in regional history. As prince of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau, he achieved royalty over all five countries of Northern Europe by 1688 with parliamentary support and ended James II’s Catholic reign as monarch of England. For most of his life, William III led his country as a constitutional monarchy.
At the age of seven, his father died and left him an orphan. His mother Anna of Wurttemberg, also a princess in the German Empire, had lived in Germany for centuries but she had no idea that her son would one day become prince and rule over all of Europe.
In 1672, France invaded the Low Countries and William joined his sister Sophie of Orange-Nassau in fighting against them. This conflict continued until Louis XIV of France agreed to peace with William in 1678.
After Queen Mary’s death in 1694, William became a staunch supporter of the Dutch Church and her reformated church laws. This stood in direct conflict with the English monarchy which adhered to Roman Catholic religion and sought to restore the papacy to England.
William had great success against both British and French powers during this time, becoming stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, and Utrecht for life and being appointed captain- and admiral-general of all provinces in the Dutch Empire.
The Orangist party made a determined effort to secure William’s positions, although Johan de Witt of the States Party attempted to keep him from power by issuing an edict prohibiting dual tenure in any province. Nevertheless, William eventually rose to become leader of the republicans in 1672 after successfully challenging Johan de Witt’s rule.
After Queen Mary’s death in 1694, William and his wife Mary Stuart assumed control of England, Scotland, and Ireland with parliament’s help. This helped create a more stable and constitutional government throughout the British Isles.
4. Divo Claudius II Coin
Claudius II, the first Roman soldier-emperor, ruled the Roman Empire from 268-270. After defeating Germanic and Gothic tribes that threatened Rome, he succumbed to smallpox in January 270. Following his passing away, the Senate deified him and named him Saint Claudius or Divo Claudius (The Conquering Saint).
He was an admired figure within the Empire, and upon his passing the Roman Senate quickly issued coins in his memory.
One of the most intriguing aspects of this coinage is that they were struck in his death year, which wasn’t common amongst emperors at that time. Furthermore, many had distinctive reverse designs.
On the obverse, Claudius’ head is depicted with his right hand raised and his left holding a globe. On the reverse, Victory is shown walking to the right holding both a spear and trophy.
Furthermore, there are several coins depicting Claudius and Laetitia. The most iconic of these is the silver antoninianus coin from Milan and Cyzicus which features Victory and Laetitia on its obverse and cornucopiae on its reverse.
Under Claudius II’s reign, several other silver coins were issued. These included the divus calavera, which looks similar to a diadem but features an entirely different bust type.
Another intriguing coin is the Divo Claudius II var, which is extremely rare and boasts an intriguing reverse design. This silver coin has a small flan on one side.
This coin has an officina letter in its exergue which is not found on other Divus Claudius II coins. As such, it’s a rare example of this type of coinage and worth checking the PAS if you have never seen one before!
It is essential to remember that Divus Claudius II types were only produced for a brief time under Quintillus and may have been recorded by the PAS; however, they also sometimes appear as copies. Therefore, checking the PAS database for these types and using dropdown options on numismatic pages to distinguish which ones are irregular copies is wise.